Research

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Research and Commentary

This page contains my academic publications, working papers, and polcy reports. For additional research and commentary, please visit my Brookings page.

Book

Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America’s Public Universities, with William G. Bowen and Michael S. McPherson, Princeton University Press, 2009. More information about this book is available at the publisher’s page, including the appendix material and Chapter 1. Selected media coverage: New York Times, US News & World Report, Inside Higher Ed, Chronicle of Higher Education. Selected reviews: Science, Nature, Education Next, Journal of Human Capital, American Journal of Education. Selected op-eds by the authors: Chronicle of Higher Education, El Nuevo Día, Omaha World-Herald.

Journal Articles

“School Districts and Student Achievement,” with Grover J. Whitehurst and Michael R. Gallaher, Education Finance and Policy (Forthcoming). Last pre-publication draft.

“Which Teachers Choose a Defined Contribution Pension Plan? Evidence from the Florida Retirement System,” with Martin R. West, Education Finance and Policy (Forthcoming). Last pre-publication draft.

“Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial,” with William G. Bowen, Kelly A. Lack, and Thomas I. Nygren, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 33(1): 94–111 (2014). DOI, last pre-publication draft, Education Next non-technical version.

“Class Size and Student Outcomes: Research and Policy Implications,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32(2): 411–438 (2013). DOI, last pre-publication draft.

“Citizen Perceptions of Government Service Quality: Evidence from Public Schools,” with Michael Henderson and Martin R. West, Quarterly Journal of Political Science 7(4): 411–445 (2012). DOI, PDF, Education Next non-technical version.

“The Impact of a Universal Class-Size Reduction Policy: Evidence from Florida’s Statewide Mandate,” Economics of Education Review 31(5): 543–562 (2012). DOI, last pre-publication draft.

“Do More Effective Teachers Earn More Outside the Classroom?” with Martin R. West, Education Finance and Policy 7(1): 8–43 (2012). DOI, PDF.

“Promotion and Reassignment in Public School Districts: How Do Schools Respond to Differences in Teacher Effectiveness?” with Martin R. West, Economics of Education Review 30(3): 419–433 (2011). DOI, working paper.

“It’s Easier to Pick a Good Teacher than to Train One: Familiar and New Results on the Correlates of Teacher Effectiveness,” with Paul E. Peterson, Economics of Education Review 30(3): 449–465 (2011). DOI, working paper.

“Ranking Doctoral Programs by Placement: A New Method,” with Benjamin M. Schmidt, PS: Political Science & Politics 40(3): 523–529 (2007). DOI, PDF, simple (illustrative) example of method.

Articles in Edited Volumes

“Understanding Changes in the Distribution of Student Loan Debt Over Time,” with Beth Akers and Alice M. Henriques, in Brad Hershbein and Kevin M. Hollenbeck, eds., Student Loans and the Dynamics of Debt, Upjohn Institute Press, Forthcoming.

“Graduation Rates at America’s Universities: What We Know and What We Need to Know,” in Andrew P. Kelly and Mark Schneider, eds., Getting to Graduation: The Completion Agenda in Higher Education, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012, pp. 48–71. Conference paper, book publisher’s page.

“Teacher Effectiveness, Mobility, and Attrition in Florida,” with Martin R. West, in Matthew G. Springer, ed., Performance Incentives: Their Growing Impact on American K–12 Education, Brookings Institution Press, 2009, pp. 251–271. Last pre-publication draft, book publisher’s page.

Working Papers

“Virtual Schooling and Student Learning: Evidence from the Florida Virtual School,” with Guido Schwerdt, Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Paper 14-02, 2014. Paper draft.

“Endogenous Stratification in Randomized Experiments,” with Alberto Abadie and Martin R. West, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 19742, 2013. NBER page, PDF (ungated).

“Experimentally Estimated Impacts of a School Choice Intervention on Long-Term Educational Outcomes: The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment,” with Paul E. Peterson, 2013. Paper draft, Education Next non-technical version.

“Instructional Quality and Student Learning in Higher Education: Evidence from Developmental Algebra Courses,” 2013. Paper draft.

Policy Reports (selected)

“School Superintendents: Vital or Irrelevant?” with Grover J. Whitehurst and Katharine M. Lindquist, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2014. PDF.

“Interactive Online Learning on Campus: Testing MOOCs and Other Platforms in Hybrid Formats in the University System of Maryland,” with Rebecca Griffiths, Christine Mulhern, and Richard Spies, Ithaka S+R, 2014. PDF.

“Is a Student Loan Crisis on the Horizon?” with Beth Akers, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2014. PDF, New York Times coverage and Q&A.

“Evaluating Teachers with Classroom Observations: Lessons Learned in Four Districts,” with Grover J. Whitehurst and Katharine M. Lindquist, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2014. PDF, Education Next non-technical version.

“Student Loan Safety Nets: Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Income-Based Repayment,” with Beth Akers, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2014. PDF.

“Improving Public Pensions: Balancing Competing Priorities,” with Patten Priestley Mahler and Grover J. Whitehurst, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2014. PDF.

“Standardized Testing and the Common Core Standards: You Get What You Pay For?” Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2013. PDF.

“Are Public Pensions Keeping Up with the Times?” with Richard W. Johnson and Grover J. Whitehurst, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2013. PDF.

“Common Sense: Using Common Finals to Measure Postsecondary Student Learning,” Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2013. PDF.

“Do School Districts Matter?” with Grover J. Whitehurst and Michael R. Gallaher, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2013. PDF.

“Strength in Numbers: State Spending on K–12 Assessment Systems,” Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2012. PDF.

“Beyond Need and Merit: Strengthening State Grant Programs,” with Sandy Baum and others, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2012. PDF.

“Choosing Blindly: Instructional Materials, Teacher Effectiveness, and the Common Core,” with Grover J. Whitehurst, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2012. PDF.

“Class Size: What Research Says and What it Means for State Policy,” with Grover J. Whitehurst, Brown Center on Education Policy, Brookings Institution, 2011. PDF.